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Treating Incontinence in Women with Medicine

Urinary incontinence is the leaking of urine from the bladder. In some cases, medicine can reduce or stop the leaking. It's mainly given for urge incontinence, a sudden need to urinate that is hard to delay Your healthcare provider will talk with you about your choices. Make sure to ask what side effects to expect.

Woman talking to pharmacist.

Below are some types of medicines that may help with urge incontinence.

Types of medicine

  • Anticholinergics or beta-3 adrenergics. These may increase how much urine the bladder can hold. They may also help relax bladder muscles.

  • Estrogen. This may help improve muscle tone in the urethra and bladder.

  • Antibiotics. These are used to treat urinary tract infections.

  • Botulinum toxin. Injection of botulinum toxin into the bladder muscle is an option when other medicines are not effective.

Tips for taking medicine

  • Take your medicine on time and as your healthcare provider tell you to.

  • Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effects, your dosage may be adjusted if needed.

  • Be patient. It may take time to find the right dose for you.

  • Keep a list of the medicines you take. Show it to your healthcare provider and pharmacist before you buy over-the-counter medicines.

Online Medical Reviewer: Marc Greenstein MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Marianne Fraser MSN RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Raymond Kent Turley BSN MSN RN
Date Last Reviewed: 3/1/2022
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